The Global Atheist Convention, a prominent atheist event, has been held in Melbourne. [71], The Christian festivals of Christmas and Easter are national public holidays in Australia. Besides Christians, who make up about half the population, Australia is home to other religious minorities, including Muslims (2.6% of the population), Hindus 1.9% and Sikhs 0.5%. Most were migrants from countries such as Fiji, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore and South Africa. This is more than seven percent higher, than in the 2011 census. This had a response rate of 14% among Australians nationally, and the Christ… Besides Christians, who make up about half the population, Australia is home to other religious minorities, including Muslims (2.6% of the population), Hindus 1.9% and Sikhs 0.5%. Return. Australia’s religious life has changed beyond recognition from the 1950s and 1960s, when British Protestants comprised two-thirds of the population. ", Hilliard, David. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. [107] This view is prominent among Australia's youth, who were ranked as the least religious worldwide in a 2008 survey conducted by The Christian Science Monitor. The Sydney Baháʼí Temple is situated in Ingleside, a northern suburb of Sydney. Use the tools to browse, search or explore by map to find statistics about different regions in Australia. 15,3 % der Australien bezeichnen sich als areligiös. [51], The 1996 Australian Census lists Baháʼí membership at just under 9,000. Historically the percentage was far higher; now, the religious landscape of Australiais changing and diversifying. From the 1870s Malay divers were recruited (with most subsequently repatriated). [91][92] Notable Australian Muslims include boxer Anthony Mundine; community worker and rugby league star Hazem El Masri; cricketer Usman Khawaja and academic Waleed Aly. EXPLANATORY INFORMATION The census question about religion is optional, and asks "What is the person's religion? According to the ABS 2006 census (the most recent): About 13 million or 64% of Australians called themselves “Christian.” However, only about 7.5% attend any church services weekly (NCLS Research 2004). But if the Australian Bureau of Statistics continues with its current sample Census, I fear that we will have a distorted picture — particularly when it comes to religion. While an estimated 23.5 per cent of the world's population were Muslim in 2010, the last Australian Census revealed a different population make-up in Australia.Just 2.2 per cent of Australians, or 476,300 people, identified as Muslim in the 2011 census. Data by Region provides you ease of access to statistics from the ABS and other sources on a particular geographical region. However, there is a wide range of Orthodox congregations, including Mizrachi, Chabad and Adass Israel congregations. Freedom of Religion was enshrined in Section 116 of the Constitution of Australia of 1901. [31] Sir Zelman Cowen also served as Governor-General, between 1977 and 1982. Today, the Catholic education system is the second biggest sector after government schools, with more than 750,000 students in 2018 (and around 21 per cent of all secondary school enrolments). Australia is a pretty religious place and a multi-faith country at that. Notable Australian Jews have included the Sir John Monash, the notable World War I general who opened the Maccabean Hall in Sydney in 1923 to commemorate Jews who fought and died in the First World War and who is currently featured on the Australian $100 note;[96] and Sir Isaac Isaacs who became the first Australian born governor general in 1930. Section 116 of the Constitution of Australia of 1901 prohibits the Commonwealth government from establishing a church or interfering with the freedom of religion. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATIONS, 2016 [57] The Anglican Church educates around 105,000 students and the Uniting Church has around 48 schools. This figure includes the typically large families of Christians nominating their children as Christian. Consequently, the Christian festivals of Christmas and Easter are public holidays, the skylines of Australian cities and towns are marked by church and cathedral spires and the Christian churches have played an integral role in the development of education, health and welfare services in Australia. Islam (2.6%) and Buddhism (2.4%) were the next most common religions reported. Religious Affiliation in Australia (1986 - 2016) Name five religions that have decreased as a percentage from 1986 to 2016. [88] After a series of controversies, Sheikh Taj El-Din Hilaly retired as Grand mufti of Australia in 2007 and was replaced by Fehmi Naji El-Imam AM. The Australian constitution consists of several documents, including the Statute of Westminster and the Australia Act of 1986, but there is only one reference to religion in the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia, signed into law in 1900. At times of national crises religious leaders are often still called upon to offer words of solace or lead rituals that in some way ritualise the community’s need to express concern or grief. 26,6 % bezeichneten sich als römisch-katholisch, 20,7 % als Anglikaner, weitere 20,7 % als Mitglieder anderer christlicher Kirchen. "Women Religious in the History of Australia 1888–1950: a Case Study – the Sisters of Mercy Parramatta,", Ellis, Julie-Ann. More than two in three Australians (68%) follow a religion or have spiritual beliefs. [81], Today, over 370,000 people in Australia identify as Muslim, with diverse communities concentrated mainly in Sydney and Melbourne. Create a list in a table including Religion … As in many colonial situations the churches both facilitated the loss of Indigenous Australian culture and religion and also facilitated its maintenance. For definitions of the terms used above, see the Census of Population and Housing: Census Dictionary, 2016 (cat. In 1999, Kehilat Nitzan, Melbourne's first Conservative (Masorti) congregation was established, with foundation president John Rosenberg. According to a discretionary Census carried out in 2011, 61.1% of the population affirmed their affiliation to Christianity – with 30.1% being Protestants (Anglican 17.1%, Lutheran 1.2%, Uniting Church 5.0%, Presbyterian and Reformed 2.8%, Baptist 1.6%. Religion in Australia as declared in the census (2016)[1][2], Religion in Australia is diverse. [59], Notable Australian Christians[60] have included: Mary MacKillop – educator, founder of the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart and the first Australian to be recognised as a saint by the Catholic Church;[61] David Unaipon – an Aboriginal writer, inventor and Christian preacher currently featured on the Australian $50 note;[62] Archbishop Daniel Mannix of Melbourne – a controversial voice against Conscription during World War I and against British policy in Ireland;[63] the Reverend John Flynn – founder of the Royal Flying Doctor Service, currently featured on the Australian $20 note;[64] Sir Douglas Nicholls – Aboriginal rights activist, athlete, pastor and former Governor of South Australia;[65] Archbishop Stylianos Harkianakis – Archbishop and primate of the Greek Orthodox church in Australia from 1975-2019, Sectarianism in Australia tended to reflect the political inheritance of Britain and Ireland. Australia is one of the least religious nations in the developed world, with religion not described as a central part in many people's lives. In 2013, Labor MP Ed Husic became Australia's first Muslim member of Cabinet, briefly serving as Parliamentary Secretary to the Prime Minister and for Broadband in the short lived Second Rudd Government.[93]. Der Anteil der Katholiken lag bei 24,9 Prozent. In Australia in 2016, the largest religious group was Western (Roman) Catholic (22.3% of all people), while 29.9% of people had no religion and 9.1% did not answer the question on religion. There are two Catholic universities in Australia, the Australian Catholic University which opened in 1991 following the amalgamation of four Catholic tertiary institutions in eastern Australia and the University of Notre Dame Australia which is based in Perth. Another 8.2% of Australians identify themselves as followers of non-Christian religions. 1947 → 0.03% (no religion) 11.1% (not stated) 2011 → 22.3% (no religion) What was the dominant faith tradition in 2011? [55] However, census data from 2016 reported a much lower population of only 13,988.[50]. Antiochian Orthodox of Australia and New Z. 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[1] The religious views of those people are not known, so it is not proper to group them together with people who state that they have no religion – instead, all the census figures about religion should be treated with corresponding confidence levels. The fastest growing religious affiliation in Australia is ‘no religion’, with 30.1% of the population nominating this category in the 2016 census. Survey of the history, society, and culture of the Australian Aboriginal peoples, who are one of the two distinct Indigenous cultural groups of Australia. Statistics and Forecasts for World Religions: 1800-2025: T he graphs and data below are based on the Status of Global Mission issued by Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. Religious orders founded many of Australia's hospitals, such as St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, which was opened as a free hospital in 1857 by the Sisters of Charity and is now Australia's largest not-for-profit health provider and has trained prominent Australian surgeons such as Victor Chang. Von 12,7 % der Einwohner in Australien wurden keine Aussagen über ihre Relgion getroffen. There were a great many different groups, each with their own individual culture, belief structure, and language. Catholicism is the leading single religious group, claiming 23 per cent of the population, while 13 per cent identify as Anglican and 16 per cent as "other Christian". For important events, more than 20,000 people come. Table 2. The 2016 census identified that 52.1% of Australians classify themselves Christian: 22.6% identifying themselves as Catholic and 13.3% as Anglican. While people with no religion are more than 30% of the Australian population,[1] the Australian Bureau of Statistics does not provide information in the annual "1301.0 – Year Book Australia" on religious affiliation as to how many people fall into each sub-category. At least eight Jewish convicts are believed to have been transported to Sydney aboard the First Fleet in 1788, when the first British settlement was established on the continent. Statistics describing the country’s linguistic, religious and ethnic demographics are based on its most recent national census. In 2016, 30.1% of Australians stated "no religion" and a further 9.6% chose no… no. Since the 1970s Islamic schools have been established as well as more than 100 mosques and prayer centres. Subsequently, another synagogue linked to the United States Reform Movement, Temple Emanuel, was established in Sydney. Starting from $468 / Year Since 1992 Conservative (Masorti) services have been held as an alternative service usually in the Neuweg, the smaller second synagogue within Temple Emanuel, Woollahra, Sydney. There was a Lutheran population of German descent in South Australia. Nearly a third of Australians reported in the Census that they had no religion in 2016 (30%). Australia's first mosque was built for them at Marree, South Australia in 1861. Zwei Drittel der Einwohner sind Christen, aber in den vergangenen Jahren hat sich die Zahl der Anhänger anderer Religionen verdoppelt. There were at least 15 Jews in the First Fleet, 14 convicts and one "free" child. It … Australia is a secular country with a diverse migrant population and over 120 faiths, yet Australia has traditionally been a majority Christian country. [76] Australia in the later 20th century became a refuge for many Muslims fleeing conflicts including those in Lebanon, the former Yugoslavia, Iraq, Iran, Sudan and Afghanistan. However, the population remained low until the 1960s. By the early 18th century, Christian leaders felt that the natives of the little-known Terra Australis Incognita and Hollandia Nova (still often thought as two distinct land masses) were in need of conversion to Christianity. [45] Prominent Aboriginal Christians have included Pastor David Unaipon, the first Aboriginal author; Pastor Sir Douglas Nicholls, athlete, activist and former Governor of South Australia; Mum (Shirl) Smith, a celebrated Redfern community worker who, assisted by the Sisters of Charity, work to assist Aborigines. The Australian gold rushes brought in workers from China and the Pacific islands, as well as specialised workers from British India, such as the mainly Muslim "Afghan Cameleers". Its population is concentrated mainly in urban areas and is expected to exceed 28 million by 2030. The first religious census in 1828 divided the early colony into four groups: Protestants, Catholics, Jews and Pagans. According to census data, Australia's Sikh population grew from 72,000 to 126,000 between 2011 and 2016, an average growth rate of 14.8% per year. [12], Prior to European colonisation in 1788 there was contact with Indigenous Australians from people of various faiths. [40], European culture and Christianity have had a significant impact on Indigenous Australians. We are not our faith Their population increased dramatically from the 1960s and 1970s and more than doubled between the 1996 and 2006 census to around 148,000 people. Religious Affiliation section,, Australian Statistical Geography Standard 2011 ID not in Wikidata, Use Australian English from February 2014, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Hilliard, David. Today, 25.3% of the population are Roman Catholic, 18.7% are Christians, and 17.1% are Anglican Christians. However, by 2000, for the first time there were more marriages performed by civil celebrants than by ministers of religion. 10 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992), p.279. Islam (2.6 per cent) and Buddhism (2.4 per cent) were the next most common religions reported. [25], The Church of England was disestablished in the colony of New South Wales by the Church Act of 1836. 1: Includes Atheists, Agnostics, Spiritual Nonreligious, and other Unafilliated (e.g. Torres Strait Islander religion bore similarities to broader Melanesian spirituality. In 1983, the High Court of Australia defined religion as "a complex of beliefs and practices which point to a set of values and an understanding of the meaning of existence". Quang Minh temple in Braybrook, Melbourne, Victoria gets about 2,000 people through every Sunday and gives a free vegetarian meal to about 600 people. These people are generally regarded as being from the east Indonesian archipelago. [51] According to Jennifer Taylor, a historian at Sydney University, it is among Sydney's four most significant religious buildings constructed in the twentieth century. [73][74], In later history, throughout the 19th century following British settlement, other Muslims came to Australia including the Muslim 'Afghan' cameleers, who used their camels to transport goods and people through the otherwise unnavigable desert and pioneered a network of camel tracks that later became roads across the Outback. It dictates morals and virtues, our worldview and what kind of society we live in. Historically the percentage was far higher; now, the religious landscape of Australia is changing and diversifying. In Australia in 2016, the largest religious group was Western (Roman) Catholic (22.3% of all people), while 29.9% of people had no religion and 9.1% did not answer the question on religion. Drafted by the reformist attorney-general John Plunkett, the act established legal equality for Anglicans, Catholics and Presbyterians and was later extended to Methodists.[26]. Regional Activities. [1] In the 19th century, Hindus first came to Australia to work on cotton and sugar plantations. Veröffentlicht von Statista Research Department , 02.04.2015. Following these two congregations, a number of other Liberal synagogues have been founded in other cities.[98]. There have been countless artifacts retrieved from these contacts. "[11] and ritual systems, with an emphasis on life transitions such as adulthood and death. Anglican organisations work in health, missionary work, social welfare and communications; and the Uniting Church does extensive community work, in aged care, hospitals, nursing, family support services, youth services and with the homeless, and especially throughout inland Australia. Successive Australian governments dismantled the White Australia Policy in the Post-WW2 period. Disease elimination and control. These documents will be presented in a new window. [53], Section 116 states that "The Commonwealth shall not make any law for establishing any religion, or for imposing any religious observance, or for prohibiting the free exercise of any religion, and no religious test shall be required as a qualification for any office or public trust under the Commonwealth.". In 1998 the HREOC addressed the right to freedom of religion and belief in Australia against article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, stating that "despite the legal protections that apply in different jurisdictions, many Australians suffer discrimination on the basis of religious belief or non-belief, including members of both mainstream and non-mainstream religions, and those of no religious persuasion. [4] British Nonconformist Methodist, Presbyterians, Congregationalists and Baptists set up their own churches in the 19th century, as did Lutherans from Germany.[5][6]. [58] Christian charities such as the Saint Vincent de Paul Society, the Salvation Army, Anglicare, and Youth Off the Streets receive considerable national support. Statistics and Forecasts for World Religions: 1800-2025. 'No religion' is equivalent to 'Secular Beliefs and Other Spiritual Beliefs and No Religious Affiliation'. According to the 2016 Census, 2.6 per cent of Australians follow Islam, 2.4 per cent are Buddhist, 1.9 per cent are Hindu and 0.4 per cent are Jewish. Australia's religion statistics provide an indicator of cultural identity and ethnicity when observed in conjunction with other key variables. Afghan cameleers settled in Australia from the 1860s onwards, a number of them being Sikh. Australia's Aboriginal people developed the animist spirituality of the Dreaming and some of the earliest evidence on earth for religious practices among humans has been found in the archaeological record of their ancestors. In Western Australia, the Anglican clergy saw themselves as pioneering a new society. In the case of mainland Aboriginal Australians, their spirituality is known as the Dreaming and it places a heavy emphasis on belonging to the land. The Dreaming is at once the ancient time of creation and the present day reality of Dreaming. The demography of Australia covers basic statistics, most populous cities, ethnicity and religion. ", Debbie Schipp. There had been short-lived efforts to establish Reform congregations as early as the 1890s. According to the time series data released with the 2016 census, the fastest growing religious classifications over the ten years between 2006 and 2016 were: Meanwhile, the greatest decreases were in the major Christian denominations; all Christian denominations combined decreased from 63.9% to 52.1%.[1]. The European traditions of Christmas trees, roast dinners, carols and gift giving are all continued in Australia, but they might be conducted between visits to the beach, and Santa Claus is said in song to be drawn on his sleigh by six white boomer kangaroos.[72].

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