In 1928, the young Turing is unhappy and bullied at boarding school. ", in his 1950 seminal paper "Computing Machinery and Intelligence".  It had its European premiere as the opening film of the 58th BFI London Film Festival in October 2014.  In the week of the anniversary of Turing's death in June 2014, Entertainment Weekly released two new stills which marked the first look at the characters played by Keira Knightley, Matthew Goode, Matthew Beard, and Allen Leech. In the 1950s, Alan Turing proposed his influential test for machine intelligence, which involved a teletyped dialogue between a human player, a machine, and an interrogator.  Kaleem Aftab of The Independent gave the film a five-star review, hailing it the "Best British Film of the Year".  Lou Lumenick of the New York Post described it as a "thoroughly engrossing Oscar-caliber movie", while critic James Rocchi added that the film is "strong, stirring, triumphant and tragic". , On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 90% based on 280 reviews, with an average rating of 7.70/10. He originally proposed it as a way to judge a machine's ability to show human-like behaviour. PG-13 | 1h 54min | Biography, Drama, Thriller | 25 December 2014 (USA) 2:26 | Trailer. It isn’t accurate about any of them, but the least wrong bits are the 1928 ones.  Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times declared Turing "the role of Cumberbatch's career", while A.O. There were also testimonials from LGBT leaders including HRC president Chad Griffin and GLAAD CEO Sarah Kate Ellis and from military leaders including the 22nd United States Defense Secretary Robert Gates. Black Bear Pictures subsequently committed to finance the film for $14 million. , In November 2014, the Weinstein Company co-hosted a private screening of the film with Digital Sky Technologies billionaire Yuri Milner and Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg. Scott of The New York Times stated that it is "one of the year's finest pieces of screen acting". ", Before Cumberbatch joined the project, Warner Bros. bought the screenplay for a reported seven-figure sum because of Leonardo DiCaprio's interest in playing Turing. A paraplegic Marine dispatched to the moon Pandora on a unique mission becomes torn between following his orders and protecting the world he feels is his home.  On what would have been Turing's 102nd birthday on 23 June, Empire released two photographs featuring Mark Strong and Charles Dance in character.  The film and its cast and crew were also honoured by Human Rights Campaign, the largest LGBT civil rights advocacy group and political lobbying organisation in the United States. The Imitation Game presents a historically accurate graphic novel biography of Turing’s life, including his groundbreaking work on the fundamentals of cryptography and artificial intelligence. , The Imitation Game was released on March 31, 2015 in the United States in two formats: a one-disc standard DVD and a Blu-ray with a digital copy of the film. The new form of the problem can be described in terms of a game which we call the 'imitation game." Based on the real life story of legendary cryptanalyst Alan Turing, the film portrays the nail-biting race against time by Turing and his brilliant team of code-breakers at Britain's top-secret Government Code and Cypher School at Bletchley Park, during the darkest days of World War II. Today, we call them computers. , The bombe seen in the film is based on a replica of Turing's original machine, which is housed in the museum at Bletchley Park. The amount of knowledge he has about Alan is amazing. Scene-by-scene Breakdown of Hollywood Films", "The misguided bid to turn Alan Turing into an Asperger's martyr", "Alan Turing: Inquest's suicide verdict 'not supportable, "Bletchley Park commander not the 'baddy' he is in The Imitation Game, family say", "Golden Globes: 'Birdman,' 'Fargo' Top Nominations", "Benedict Cumberbatch cracks the code to make Bletchley Park a hit", "Top 10 Best Movie Performances (#1 Benedict Cumberbatch as Alan Turing in, GLAAD Media Award for Outstanding Film – Wide Release, The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert, Toronto International Film Festival People's Choice Award, Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown, Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Imitation_Game&oldid=993416397, Biographical films about computer and internet entrepreneurs, Films whose writer won the Best Adapted Screenplay Academy Award, Album articles lacking alt text for covers, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Entrants who solved the puzzle could mail in their results for a chance to win a trip for two to London and a tour of Bletchley Park. 271 of 357 people found this review helpful. , Princeton University Press and Vintage Books both released film tie-in editions of Andrew Hodges' biography Alan Turing: The Enigma in September 2014. , In February 2015, Matt Damon, Michael Douglas, Jessica Alba, Bryan Cranston, and Anna Wintour among others joined the petition at Pardon49k.org demanding pardons for victims of anti-gay laws. The prize/s will be awarded to entrant/s who crack the code and submit their entry the fastest. Much of mathematician Alan Turing's life was shrouded in secrecy for years. Honor this man.  The US distributor TWC stated that the film would initially debut in four cinemas in Los Angeles and New York, expanding to six new markets on December 12, before being released nationwide on Christmas Day. Turing tells Nock it is really a test to determine if the entity answering a question is man, or a machine imitating man. You don't fact check Monet's Water Lilies. Turing's team, including Joan Clarke (Keira Knightley), analyze Enigma messages while he builds a machine to decipher them. In the scene where Joan Clarke arrives at Bletchley park for the first time she travels there on a coach with vehicle registration HOD 75. Imagine three rooms, each connected via computer screen and keyboard to the others. Turing arranges for her to live and work with the female clerks who intercept the messages, and shares his plans with her. Spent a good deal of time @umich on Turing machines, computability", "Telluride Film Festival lineup includes 'Wild', 'The Imitation Game, "Amazon.com: The Imitation Game (Blu-ray + Ultraviolet): Benedict Cumberbatch, Keira Knightley, Mark Strong, Rory Kinnear, Matthew Goode: Movies & TV", "The Imitation Game cracks UK box office, Interstellar keeps high orbit", "Specialty Box Office: 'Imitation Game' Nabs Top Theater Average of Fall Awards Season", "Imitation Game, Interstellar make AFI best films of the year", "A Most Violent Year named best film by National Board of Review", "Box Office: Thanksgiving Holiday Moviegoing Plummets", "True and Tragic, 'The Imitation Game' Is an Intimate Look at the Life of Alan Turing", "New 'THE Imitation Game' Trailer Keeps It Quick and Cumberbatchian", "The Imitation Game, film review: Benedict Cumberbatch gives Oscar worthy performance", "Benedict Cumberbatch foils Nazis in Oscar-caliber 'Imitation Game, "The Imitation Game - NEW Official UK Trailer", "Fall Festivals: Critics Pick Favorites From Venice, Telluride and Toronto - Variety", "Telluride 2014: Cumberbatch is Remarkable in 'The Imitation Game, "Review: The Imitation Game: Dancing With Dr. When the MI6 agent Stewart Menzies appears to threaten Clarke, Turing reveals that Cairncross is a spy.  Turing's niece Payne thought that Knightley was inappropriately cast, as she described the real Clarke as "rather plain", and said: "I think they might be trying to romanticise it. Did the Germans ever break the Allies' codes. The site's critical consensus reads, "With an outstanding starring performance from Benedict Cumberbatch illuminating its fact-based story, The Imitation Gameserves as an eminently well-made entry in the 'prestige biopic' genre." Praise went to Knightley's supporting performance as Clarke, Goldenberg's editing, Desplat's score, Faura's cinematography and Djurkovic's production design. TIME ranked Cumberbatch's portrayal number one in its Top 10 film performances of 2014, with the magazine's chief film critic Richard Corliss calling Cumberbatch's characterisation "the actor's oddest, fullest, most Cumberbatchian character yet ... he doesn't play Turing so much as inhabit him, bravely and sympathetically but without mediation". Turing realises they cannot act on every decoded message or the Germans will realise Enigma has been broken. ", In January 2015, Cumberbatch, comedian-actor Stephen Fry, producer Harvey Weinstein, and Turing's great-niece Rachel Barnes launched a campaign to pardon the 49,000 gay men convicted under the same law that led to Turing's chemical castration. A look at the relationship between the famous physicist Stephen Hawking and his wife. The visual blog Information is Beautiful deduced that, while taking creative licence into account, the film was just 42.3% accurate when compared to real-life events, summarizing that "shoe-horning the incredible complexity of the Enigma machine and cryptography in general was never going to be easy. The New York Observer's Rex Reed declared that "one of the most important stories of the last century is one of the greatest movies of 2014". It was also included in both the National Board of Review and American Film Institute's "Top 10 Films of 2014"..  In the end, DiCaprio did not come on board and the rights of the script reverted to the screenwriter. Il s'agit de l'adaptation cinématographique de la biographie Alan Turing ou l'énigme de l'intelligence (Alan Turing: The Enigma) d'Andrew Hodges. The film expanded into additional markets on 12 December and was released nationwide on Christmas Day. James Turing, a great-nephew of the code-breaker, said Cumberbatch "knows things that I never knew before. He develops a friendship with Christopher Morcom, who sparks his interest in cryptography. The presentation of Turing's social difficulties as so severe as to suggest. Alan Turing, in a 1951 paper, proposed a test called "The Imitation Game" that might finally settle the issue of machine intelligence. The interrogator stays in a room apart front the other two. View production, box office, & company info. ", Despite earlier reservations, Turing's niece Inagh Payne told Allan Beswick of BBC Radio Manchester that the film "really did honour my uncle" after she watched the film at the London Film Festival in October 2014. I couldn't think of anyone better." While cast away, he forms an unexpected connection with another survivor: a fearsome Bengal tiger. The year-long exhibit features clothes worn by the actors and props used in the film. It was released theatrically in the United States on November 28, 2014. Historians estimate that breaking Enigma shortened the war by more than two years, saving over 14 million lives.  In addition, Cumberbatch and Zuckerberg presented the Mathematics Prizes at the Breakthrough Awards on 10 November 2014 in honour of Turing. , The film opened at number two at the UK box office behind the big-budget film Interstellar, earning $4.3 million from 459 screens. In this clip from the movie "The Imitation Game", Alan Turing (played by Benedict Cumberbatch) explains about how machines can think. The interrogator is in a room apart from the other two, and is set the task of determining which of the other two is a man and which is a woman. Featuring an outstanding starring performance from Benedict Cumberbatch as war hero Turning and supporting acts from a brilliant cast including Keira Knightley, Charles Dance and Mark Strong, 'The Imitation Game' is a powerful and eminently well-made biopic that illuminates the facts whilst respecting the story it is based upon.  The first UK and US trailers were released on 22 July 2014. The Imitation Game jumps around three time periods – Turing’s schooldays in 1928, his cryptographic work at Bletchley Park from 1939-45, and his arrest for gross indecency in Manchester in 1952. "As soon as computers are mentioned at all, people are talking about electronic brains and the possibility of the computer rivaling the brain," says Hodges. Join me in signing the @HRC petition to pardon them: -AW", "Stars back petition aiding anti-gay law victims", "Why I Oppose a General Pardon for Historical Convictions for Homosexual Offences", "Schrödinger's pardon: the difficulties of the Turing Bill", "Comment: Hollywood should stay true to the real story of Alan Turing", "Alan Turing's biographer criticises upcoming biopic for downplaying gay identity", "Imitation Game filmmakers accused of romanticising the relationship between Benedict Cumberbatch and Keira Knightley's characters by Alan Turing's niece, Inagh Payne", "Matthew Goode announced as new face of Hogan Shoes", "Producers of Alan Turing film reject criticism of project", "What 'The Imitation Game' didn't tell you about Turing's greatest triumph", "Based on a True True Story? ", Speaking to Empire, director Tyldum expressed his decision to take on the project: "It is such a complex story. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for The Imitation Game : Alan Turing Decoded by Jim Ottaviani (2019, Trade Paperback) at the … Fearing for her safety, Turing tells Clarke to leave Bletchley Park, revealing that he is a homosexual. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. Joan Clarke, a Cambridge graduate, passes Turing's test but her parents will not allow her to work with the male cryptographers. During his interrogation by Nock, Turing tells of his time working at Bletchley Park during the Second World War. Attendees of the screening at Los Altos Hills, California included Silicon Valley's top executives, such as Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg, LinkedIn's Reid Hoffman, Google co-founder Sergey Brin, Airbnb's Nathan Blecharczyk, and Theranos founder Elizabeth Holmes. Promotional stills were taken by photographer Jack English, who also photographed Cumberbatch for Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy. CEO Marissa Mayer, Netflix CEO Reed Hastings, Google Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt, Twitter CEO Dick Costolo, PayPal co-founder Max Levchin, YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki, and Wikipedia's Jimmy Wales all gave tribute quotes. , A lot of historical films sometimes feel like people reading a Wikipedia page to you onscreen, like just reciting "and then he did that, and then he did that, and then he did this other thing" – it's like a "Greatest Hits" compilation.  It was recorded by the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road Studios in London. Filming locations included Turing's former school, Sherborne, Bletchley Park, where Turing and his colleagues worked during the war, and Central Saint Martins campus on Southampton Row in London. In a January 2015 interview with The Huffington Post, its screenwriter Graham Moore said in response to complaints about the film's historical accuracy: When you use the language of "fact checking" to talk about a film, I think you're sort of fundamentally misunderstanding how art works. The Imitation Game is a 2014 biopic film about the British computer scientist and wartime codebreaker Alan Turing, starring Benedict Cumberbatch as Turing, with Keira Knightley, Charles Dance, and Mark Strong.. The overall plot arc in which the British cryptographers were stymied for the first few years of the war and then a sudden breakthrough enabled them to finally break Enigma. That's not what water lilies look like, that's what the sensation of experiencing water lilies feel like. Yahoo! A Mumbai teenager reflects on his life after being accused of cheating on the Indian version of "Who Wants to be a Millionaire?". As Harvard student Mark Zuckerberg creates the social networking site that would become known as Facebook, he is sued by the twins who claimed he stole their idea, and by the co-founder who was later squeezed out of the business. Keira Knightley, Matthew Goode, Rory Kinnear, Charles Dance, and Mark Strong also star. After the war, Menzies tells the cryptographers to destroy their work and that they can never see one another again or share what they have done. Use the HTML below. It's the accumulation of these moments that I can slowly but surely play that make it even stronger.. Turing discovers that Cairncross is a Soviet spy. Turing then tells her he never cared for her, and only used her for her cryptography skills. , For the most part, Hodges has not commented on the historical accuracy of the film, alluding to contractual obligations involving the film rights to his biography. , The bombe re-created by the filmmakers has been on display in a special The Imitation Game exhibition at Bletchley Park since November 10, 2014. Bengry also cites the existing ability of those convicted under repealed anti-homosexuality laws to have their convictions declared spent.  L.V. , This article is about the 2014 film. , In November 2014, ahead of the film's US release, The New York Times reprinted the 1942 puzzle from The Daily Telegraph used in recruiting codebreakers at Bletchley Park during the Second World War. Under the direction of Commander Alastair Denniston, he joins the cryptography team of Hugh Alexander, John Cairncross, Peter Hilton, Keith Furman and Charles Richards.  Peter Travers of Rolling Stone asserted that the actor "gives an explosive, emotionally complex" portrayal. Two readings of Turing’s rules for the test have been given. It received eight nominations at the 87th Academy Awards, winning for Best Adapted Screenplay, five nominations in the 72nd Golden Globe Awards, and three nominations at the 21st Screen Actors Guild Awards. The ‘Imitation’ Alan Turing vs. the real Alan Turing: Victim vs. hero. , The Human Rights Campaign's Chad Griffin also offered his endorsement, saying: "Over 49,000 other gay men and women were persecuted in England under the same law. The scene in which Clarke visits Turing in his home while he is serving probation. What does his story feel like? The Imitation Game is a 2014 historical drama film directed by Morten Tyldum and written by Graham Moore, based on the 1983 biography Alan Turing: The Enigma by Andrew Hodges.  As the law and the disregard process applies only to England and Wales, groups in Northern Ireland and Scotland have campaigned for equivalent laws in their jurisdictions. But this film just rips the historical records to shreds".  The Hollywood Reporter's Todd McCarthy reported that the undeniable highlight of the film was Cumberbatch, "whose charisma, tellingly modulated and naturalistic array of eccentricities, talent at indicating a mind never at rest and knack for simultaneously portraying physical oddness and attractiveness combine to create an entirely credible portrait of genius at work".  Andrew Grant of Science News wrote, "... like so many other Hollywood biopics, it takes some major artistic license – which is disappointing, because Turing's actual story is so compelling. The score received an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Score, losing to the score of The Grand Budapest Hotel, also composed by Desplat. What'd it feel like to be Alan Turing? After overhearing a conversation with a female clerk about messages she receives, Turing has an epiphany, realising he can program the machine to decode words he already knows exist in certain messages. The team are trying to analyze the Enigma machine, which the Nazis use to send coded messages. Take a look at the film and television career of Sylvie's Love star Tessa Thompson. During World War II, the English mathematical genius. Clarke visits him in his home and witnesses his physical and mental deterioration. ", in his 1950 seminal paper "Computing Machinery and Intelligence". Following the Royal Pardon granted by the British government to Turing on December 24, 2013, the filmmakers released the first official promotional photograph of Cumberbatch in character beside Turing's bombe. Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. He was 41 years old. Desplat uses continuous piano arpeggios to represent both Turing's thinking mind and the workings of a mechanical machine. Young Turing (played strikingly well by Alex Lawther) is a lonely, awkward boy, whose only friend is a kid called Christopher Morcom. #ImitationGame", "Every time you use a phone, or a computer, you use the ideas that Alan Turing invented. The others were not.  Other locations included towns in England such as Nettlebed (Joyce Grove in Oxfordshire) and Chesham (Buckinghamshire). In the 2014 film The Imitation Game, Alan Turing is shown recruiting code breakers by publishing a crossword in the Daily Telegraph with a message asking people who could solve it in ten minutes or fewer to get in touch. How vital was was the Enigma breakthrough? The Imitation Game Italia 110 min Tratto dalla storia vera del leggendario criptoanalista Alan Turing, il film racconta la serrata lotta contro il tempo condotta dal matematico e dalla sua squadra durante la Seconda Guerra Mondiale per decifrare il codice segreto nazista denominato "Enigma". The original game used text-based responses, whereas this experiment generates emotional ones. In 2013, Queen Elizabeth II granted Turing a posthumous Royal Pardon, honoring his unprecedented achievements.  In December 2012, it was announced that Headhunters director Morten Tyldum would helm the project, making the film his English-language directorial debut. A young man who survives a disaster at sea is hurtled into an epic journey of adventure and discovery. The Imitation Game true story confirms that on March 31, 1952, British authorities put Alan Turing on trial for indecency because he had homosexual relations with a 19-year-old man named Arnold Murray, twenty years his junior. The Imitation Game is a new film based on the life of legendary computer scientist Alan Turing, played here by Benedict Cumberbatch. And honor the movement to bring justice to the other 49,000.  The website puzzle was a shorter version of the Daily Telegraph puzzle of 13 January 1942 that was actually used in Bletchley Park recruitment during the war (and the puzzle was not set by Turing, who was no good at them). Was this review helpful to you? The Imitation Game ( 2014) The Imitation Game. His code breaking efforts led to the cracking of the German Enigma during World War II, work that saved countless lives and accelerated the Allied defeat of the Nazis. The paper starts shifting gears, Turing has our attention and wants it all on the core of the game itself.  In an interview for GQ UK, Matthew Goode, who plays fellow cryptographer Hugh Alexander in the film, stated that the script focuses on "Turing's life and how as a nation we celebrated him as being a hero by chemically castrating him because he was gay". You want the film to show it as it was, not a lot of nonsense. Strange", "Broken Codes, Both Strategic and Social", "The Imitation Game cracks code to win People's Choice Award at Toronto 2014", "Review: The Imitation Game and The Theory of Everything", "Review: Cumberbatch cracks Oscar's code in 'Imitation, "Telluride: Benedict Cumberbatch Leads Weinstein's 'Imitation Game' Into Oscar Fray", "Toronto sings Cumberbatch's praises as WWII code-breaker", "The Imitation Game review: Knightley and Cumberbatch impress, but historical spoilers lower the tension", "The Imitation Game, review: 'clever, calculated, "The Imitation Game is strangely shy about Alan Turing's sexuality", "The Imitation Game: inventing a new slander to insult Alan Turing", "How Accurate Is The Imitation Game? , This petition eventually resulted in the Policing and Crime Act 2017, informally known as the Alan Turing law, which serves as an amnesty law to pardon men who were cautioned or convicted under historical legislation that outlawed homosexual acts, and which was implemented on 31 January 2017. This question, Turing believed, is one that can actually be answered. It is a skill contest where entrants must crack a code provided by Google. However, the LGBT civil rights advocacy organisation the Human Rights Campaign honoured it for bringing Turing's legacy to a wider audience with its subtle and realistic approach. This experiment was inspired by Alan Turing's Imitation Game (or Turing Test). Turing (1950) introduces the imitation game by describing a game in which the participants are a man, a woman, and a human interrogator. After he recalibrates the machine, it quickly decodes a message and the cryptographers celebrate. Turing, played by Benedict Cumberbatch in … , Principal photography began on September 15, 2013 in Britain. The film was criticized by some for its inaccurate portrayal of historical events and for downplaying Turing's homosexuality. , Debuting in four cinemas in Los Angeles and New York on 28 November, the film grossed $479,352 in its opening weekend with a $119,352 per-screen-average, the second highest per-screen-average of 2014 and the 7th highest of all time for a live-action film. It remained a government-held secret for more than 50 years. The building of only one machine, with Turing playing a large role in its construction. Brilliant adaptation of the story of Bletchley Park and the cryptanalysis team, ran by Alan Turing, that cracked the code of the German Enigma Machine during World War II. The Imitation Game , While praising the performances of Cumberbatch and Knightley, Catherine Shoard of The Guardian stated that the film is "too formulaic, too efficient at simply whisking you through and making sure you've clocked the diversity message". IMDb takes a look at Gal Gadot's biggest roles and the parts she never got the chance to play, including a major role in the James Bond franchise.  Critic Leonard Maltin asserted that the film has "an ideal ensemble cast with every role filled to perfection". Denniston orders it to be destroyed and Turing fired, but the other cryptographers threaten to leave if Turing goes.  Historians, including Justin Bengry of Birkbeck University of London and Matt Houlbrook of the University of Birmingham, argued that such a pardon would be "bad history" despite its political appeal, because of the broad variety of cases in which the historical laws were applied (including cases of rape) and the distortion of history resulting from an attempt to clean up the wrongdoings of the past post facto. Imitation Game ou Le Jeu de l'Imitation au Québec (The Imitation Game) est un film biographique américain réalisé par Morten Tyldum, sorti en 2014. Turing develops romantic feelings for him, but Christopher soon dies from bovine tuberculosis. "We are proud to honor the stars and filmmakers of The Imitation Game for bringing the captivating yet tragic story of Alan Turing to the big screen", HRC president Chad Griffin said in a statement. 6 VIDEOS | 202 IMAGES. The recruitment of Joan Clarke as a result of an examination after solving a crossword puzzle in a newspaper.  The film is also a recipient of Tribeca Film Festival's Sloan Filmmaker Fund, which grants filmmakers funding and guidance with regard to innovative films that are concerned with science, mathematics, and technology.. Turing's work inspired generations of research into what scientists called 'Turing Machines'. No need to waste time endlessly browsing—here's the entire lineup of new movies and TV shows streaming on Netflix this month. Clarke states she always suspected but insists they would have been happy together anyway. In the 1950s, Turing is convicted of gross indecency and, in lieu of a jail sentence, undergoes chemical castration so he can continue his work. It stars Benedict Cumberbatch as British cryptanalyst Alan Turing, who decrypted German intelligence messages for the British government during the Second World War. She comforts him by saying that his work saved millions of lives. The final scene shows an on screen message saying, "After a year of government-mandated hormonal therapy, Turing committed suicide on June 7th, 1954. Le film est inspiré de la vie du mathématicien et cryptanalyste britannique Alan Turing, notamment pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, lorsqu'il a travaillé à Bletchley Park. Turing was pardoned by Queen Elizabeth II in 2013. Its opening box office figure was the third highest opening weekend haul for a British film in 2014.  It began a limited theatrical release on November 28, 2014 in the United States, two weeks after its premiere in the United Kingdom on November 14. Principal photography finished on November 11, 2013.
Aquarium Kombination 200 Cm, Ein Zeitmesser 10 Buchstaben, Ummeldung Kfz Von Italien Nach Deutschland, Lvr Klinik Düsseldorf Haus 10, Relief Therapeutics Aktie, Zehnerübergang Klasse 2, Dirk Martens Lebensgefährte, Die Weihnachtsgeschichte Zum Ausdrucken Kostenlos,